A new report from the European Expert Network on Economics of Education (EENEE) provides a comprehensive overview on how Covid-19 has affected learning outcomes of pupils. Kristof De Witte and Maxime François (KU Leuven) are the authors of the report that covers the research developed in this field in many European countries between 2020 and 2022.
Overall, the impact of the COVID-19 crisis on learning outcomes was mixed. It varied between no effects in a few countries and large negative effects observed in some other countries. The negative effects of the pandemic on learning outcomes were larger for countries with longer physical school closures. Countries with advanced levels of digitalisation and more intensive use of information and communication technologies in education prior to the pandemic were less affected.
Download the full report.