As pupils in part of the world return to school after the summer break, UNESCO is calling on governments to implement appropriate regulations and teacher training, to ensure a human-centred approach to using Generative AI in education. To this end, UNESCO has published the first-ever global Guidance on Generative AI in Education and Research, designed to address the disruptions caused by Generative AI technologies. While recognising its developmental potential, UNESCO emphasises the necessity for public engagement and government oversight to prevent harm. The guidance highlights key steps, including setting a classroom age limit of 13 and teacher training. This initiative builds on UNESCO’s previous work on AI ethics and aims to establish responsible governance in educational settings.